Clients who suffer from these disorders often experience guilt and shame over their inability to control their sadness, unstable moods, and impulsive behaviour. Well-meaning friends or family members can exacerbate this guilt by telling suffers to "cheer up". However, those who suffer from mood disorders aren't able to simply stop feeling depressed or change their moods at will. These disorders have a biochemical basis and must be dealt with by a caring and competent mental health practitioner. The following is a list of the most frequent mood disorders treated at Roy Psychotherapy.
Major Depressive Disorder
Major depressive disorder (MDD) occurs most frequently in adults, although children and the elderly may also be affected. Those with MDD may experience changes in appetite, reduced energy levels, sleep disturbances, irritability, difficulty concentrating, feelings of despair, guilt, and worthlessness, and persistent thoughts of suicide. Like any mental illness, MDD is not something people choose, but a disorder caused at least partially by a biochemical imbalance. Roy Psychotherapy's mental health professionals can help clients understand this disorder and offer a diagnoses if warranted. Our clinic's specialists have successfully treated many clients who seek assistance for this disorder.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by frequent and unpredictable shifts in mood and behaviour. During the "high" period, people with bipolar disorder experience a surge of euphoria and physical energy. While this may seem ideal, the emotions and perceptions in the euphoric phase form a distorted caricature of happiness. Risky financial decisions, reckless driving, and other inappropriate behaviours result from manic episodes. A sharp downturn follows, bringing with it depression, lack of energy, confusion, fearfulness, despair and thoughts of suicide. Those with bipolar disorder constantly struggle to navigate the endless stream of emotional fluctuations that may range from elation to suicidal despair within an extremely short period of time.
Mood disorders do not always manifest in a dramatic display of symptoms. Dysthymia is characterized by virtually the same, yet milder, symptoms as major depressive disorder, and symptoms last for years and years. The danger of dysthymic disorder lies in its insidious ability to gradually assume control of a patient's life. Often, those with dysthymia become gradually adjusted to their symptoms. Before long, they forget what it's like to see the world without a disordered lens. Studies show that when left untreated dysthymic disorder can lead to work difficulties, unstable family relationships, and even early death.
Cyclothymic disorder can be described as a milder form of bipolar disorder. Episodes of elation, decreased sleep, rapid speech, excitement, increased sex drive, increased risk-taking behaviour, and over-spending are followed by a period of depression, guilt, low energy levels, despair and suicidal thoughts. Although the symptoms of cyclothymic disorder are less severe than those of bipolar disorder, they still significantly impair quality of life. Without treatment, those with cyclothymic disorder are at increased risk of developing full-blow bipolar disorder. For this reason, it's critical to seek treatment as soon as possible.
If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with one of the disorders, or if you'd like to know more about the specialized treatment programs which Roy Psychotherapy offers, contact us today for a free, no-obligation and strictly confidential consultation. Our intake specialists will assist you with all of your therapeutic needs and concerns, and support you on your journey toward optimal mental health.